Welcome to Mena and Polk County--land of beauty, mountains, creeks, rivers and lakes, and wonderful people.
This site was designed and is presented for those who have an interest in the local history and genealogy of the area.
Timeline for Polk County & Arkansas
1541 De Soto explored area.
1673 French missionary, Marquette, visits Quapaw Indians while exploring Mississippi River. (Quapaw: originally Ugkhaph, later Arkansas. The state was named for this tribe.)
1662 LaSalle claims territory for France.
1686 Arkansas Post, the first permanent white settlement, founded.
1763 France ceded territory to Spain.
1800 Spain ceded territory back to France.
1803 Louisiana Purchase (including all of present day Arkansas).
1804 U.S. Troops enter Arkansas Post, becomes Louisiana Territory.
1812 Area becomes a district of Missouri Territory.
1819 Arkansas Territory (includes what is now Oklahoma) was created. Arkansas Post becomes territorial capital. Polk County lies in what was at the time Clark County.
1820 Arkansas Territory has 14,273 inhabitants. No Federal Census.
1821 Territorial capital moved to Little Rock.
1823 Sheriff's Census taken (records available for Arkansas county.)
1828 Sevier County formed (includes part of what is now Polk Co.)
1829 Sheriff's Census taken, (no records for Pope & Sevier, totals only for Hempstead, Izard, Lafayette, Phillips & Pulaski. Complete records available for: Arkansas, Chicot, Clark,Conway, Crawford, Crittenden, Independence, Lawrence, Old Miller, St. Francis, & Washington.)
1829 Hot Spring (no S on end) County formed. (Includes northern part of what is now Polk Co.)
1830 Federal Census available, head of households only.
1840 Federal Census available, head of households only.
1844 Polk County formed and named for incoming President James K. Polk. County seat named for Vice President--Dallas.
1845 Tax records for Polk County for 1845-1848 are available.
1846 Polk Co. Townships formed: Fulton, Freedom (part moved to Rich Mt. in 1890), Sulphur Springs (annexed to Howard Co. in 1873), and White.
1849 Center Township formed (part to Eagle Gap in 1894). Dallas was in Center Twp.
1850 Federal Census available and for first time all in household named.
1851 Tax lists for Polk Co on microfilm for 1851-1853, & 1856 & 1861.
1859 Polk & Montgomery County line changed, giving Big Fork to Polk Co.--by accident.
1860 Polk Co forms new townships: Big Fork (part to Mill Creek in 1908), Cove, Mountain, and Ouachita (part to Eagle Gap in 1894.)
1860 Federal census available for 1860-1940, with all in household named.
1861 Civil War began. Companies H & I of the 4th Ark Regiment formed in Polk County. CLICK Co. H Co. I
1865 Tax list availble on microfilm for 1865-1867.
1873 Line between Pike County & Polk County defined.
1874 Ozark Twp formed.
1875 Gap Springs Twp formed.
1882 Eagle Twp formed.
1888 Faulkner Twp formed.
1889 Cedar Twp formed.
1908 Mill Creek Twp formed.
*Thanks to Russell P. Baker for some of the information on this timeline.
Paid researcher available, use the contact box for information.
Towns with business places in Polk County: Mena, Acorn, Big Fork, Potter, Hatfield, Cove, Wickes, Grannis
For more on historic towns and communities click HERE